Michael Cullen has been adamant about the principles that will guide tax cut policy under the Labour government. But his criteria are not nearly as binding as they might initially sound – a point that was forcefully rammed home by the prime minister’s assurance that the criteria would indeed be satisfied and tax cuts will be forthcoming.
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John Minto’s decision to reject an award nomination from the South African government is hardly surprising. He is a doctrinaire socialist and is fundamentally at odds with the market-friendly policies pursued by the ruling African National Congress. Minto has sought to portray South Africa as an example of the failure of market-based policies to address poverty. To support his stance he has made some extraordinary claims about economic and social conditions in South Africa, some of which are quite simply wrong.
A quote in a recent article in TheEconomist magazine caught my eye: "politics has a habit of underminingeconomics". It was just a throw-away line in an article about the Bali conference on climate change. As an economist my initial reaction was "so true". Butit leads you to ask why is this statement so true? Economics is, at heart,about maximising the welfare of a society. One would, naively, expect that attemptingto achieve that goal would be a vote winner for politicians. In countrieswithout democracy, or seriously flawed versions of democracy, one might havesome understanding about why policies might not be designed to benefit themajority. But why do political decisions in democracies, like our own, sooften fly in the face of orthodox economics?
As you stand at the petrol pump watching the dollars clickingover on the counter, think about what it’s really costing you to drive aroundin your car. It’s not the petrol. The big latent cost is depreciation – whatyou paid for your pride and joy will in many cases turn into a lot less whenyou come to sell it or trade it in. In very broad terms, fuel purchasesaccount for around 10% of the total annual cost of owning and running anear-new car.
A raft of weak indicators over the lastmonth has intensified market fears that the American economy is now in, or theverge of, a recession.
We are Australia’s poor cousins, that we all know. Even Tasmanians, the poorest Australians, earn on average more than 10% per week than we do. While we know we are poorer we like to think that sometimes we have other worthy attributes. We are less inclined to invade foreign countries alongside our traditional allies. We think we are greener – our per capita carbon dioxide emissions are less than half that of Australia’s. We also like to think that we have a more equal society. Greater equality is a popular perception but is incorrect if income distribution is our measure of equality.
Researchers at Massey University suggestedthat the government should subsidise fruit and vegetables, in order to increasehousehold’s consumption of these ‘healthy’ foods. However, if we are willingto accept this I would like to take it one step further and suggest that wealso place a tax on unhealthy foods (foods with a sufficiently low SSCg3d scorefor example), a concept economists tactfully term a ‘fat tax’.
While tax cuts are a topical issue, in this article we take a step back and instead look at what a better tax-benefit benefit system could look like. Just as with the current system, the size of government could be as big or as small as society desires, but the debate around tax cuts would be much clearer than some of the vacuous comments we hear from politicians and the dubious findings of badly constructed opinion polls.
For the last few years, the government has put off cutting taxes because of their inflationary impact. Now, with the government willing to cut taxes, the Reserve Bank is unhappy because of their inflationary impact. This begs the question, how inflationary are tax cuts?
If you haven’t seen the new poster for the "Buy New Zealand made" campaign, it features an attractively attired woman, asking the question, "Does my economy look good in this?" The implication, of course, is that we should think carefully about the damage wrought when we purchase foreign-made goods.