When I left South Africa almost 10 years ago I took my education and skills with me. Family, friends and business associates lamented how I was adding to the ‘brain drain’, the flow of skilled individuals to foreign climes. Around the world you will hear similar stories of woe – from Europe to America, China to Australia, Africa to New Zealand – developed and developing countries all worry about losing their valuable skills. How damaging is the brain drain and how concerned should New Zealand be about dipping into the skill coffers of the developing world?
Increasing concern around the size of sovereign debt in Europe, combined with surprisingly weak US economic data has led to a sudden sharp drop in equities since in recent weeks. These declines have intensified recently, with the S&P 500 now down 13% since July 22. The key question this raises is: "if there is another financial crisis how will this impact on New Zealand"?
There has been a fresh proliferation ofnegative sentiment on international markets in recent weeks. The Euro-zone hasbeen slipping further into crisis while concerns over the US debt ceiling and a weak US economy are coming to a head. Expectations of US GDP-growth in thenear-term are beginning to drift downwards again with the labour market anddomestic demand expected to remain sluggish for some time.
The next few years are likely to be challenging and disruptive for countries like Tunisia and Egypt, but the popular movement towards democracy in Arab countries will ultimately be of great benefit to the citizens of these countries. It will also benefit us here in New Zealand.
Economists like to use the aphorism that economic growth is a marathon, not a sprint. This phrase actually holds far more wisdom than you would normally equate with economists. In a marathon there is no point in wearing yourself out just to overtake someone ahead of you (at least, not until the finish line is in sight).
As China’s economy continues to hum along, a major economictransition is taking place. China is starting to move away from export-intensivegrowth towards greater domestic demand. At the same time, China’s cheap labouradvantage is giving way to more focus on value-added. Questions have beenraised about China’s ability to keep growing amid a sluggish global recoveryand unwinding government stimulus. But a moderate recovery in exports and asteady rise in domestic demand will be enough for China to maintain growth ofaround 8-9%pa over at least the next five years.
Share market performance was pretty crappy during Junethanks to growing fears about a double-dip and worries over government balancesheets and spending. Is another downturn on the cards? That’s certainly whatfalling government bond rates seem to be suggesting, and it is a potentialscenario we pay attention to. However, we think we are more likely to see aslowing in growth rather than an outright collapse – a view we lay out in moredetail in this article.
Two months ago I wrote about an international study on the importance of management to business and economic performance (Dominion Post, 17 April 2010). I concluded by saying that it would be nice to see how the management of New Zealand firms compared with those in other countries. What I did not know was that the Ministry of Economic Development had already commissioned the same research team to replicate the research in New Zealand and that they were just about to release their report: Management Matters in New Zealand – How does manufacturing measure up?
Growth! It’s being a long time between drinks for the USeconomy, but over the September quarter it expanded at a 2.8%pa annualisedrate. The world’s major economies all look set to expand over the fourthquarter, ending the recession. The first wave of euphoria from this news isalready reflected in the 63% market rally since the low in March.
It’s the New Year, with property pricessliding, the stock market down more than 40% from its peak, and the governmentembarking on a range of economic stimulus initiatives, many of which are ofdubious quality. But in this story, the "New Year" isn’t 2009; it’s 1992. Andthe country isn’t the US or even New Zealand, but Japan.